Science & social responsibility in public health

Epidemiologists and environmental health researchers have a joint responsibility to acquire scientific knowledge that matters to public health and to apply the knowledge gained in public health practice. We examine the nature and source of these social responsibilities, discuss a debate in the epidemiological literature on roles and responsibilities, and cite approaches to environmental justice as reflective of them. At one level, responsibility refers to accountability, as in being responsible for actions taken. A deeper meaning of responsibility corresponds to commitment to the pursuit and achievement of a valued end

Public health ethics is on the map. In the past year, bioethicists and public health practitioners have begun to focus their critical attention on this complex and understudied topic. Much remains to be done. Childress et al. (2002), for example, describe their account of public health ethics as a rough conceptual map of a terrain with undefined boundaries.

Our focus will be on the responsibilities of epidemiologists, a choice made for several compelling reasons. Epidemiology sits at the center of the science and practice of environmental health, and more generally, at the center of public health. Although it is often referred to as a basic science of public health, epidemiology connects the acquisition of scientific knowledge with its application in preventive interventions, programs, and policies. This connection suggests a fundamental question: What are our responsibilities as epidemiologists? Do we, for example, have a joint responsibility to participate in science and to apply the knowledge gained? This is a key concern for us as researchers, health professionals, and as teachers.

The social responsibility of public health professionals is but one of many concerns in the broader picture of public health ethics. It is nevertheless a central concern. As Ogletree (1996) reminds us, responsibility is a concept particularly well suited to flame many key aspects of the ethics of professions faced with making decisions and taking actions in complex situations. These decisions often involve advanced technologies, high levels of specialization, and overlapping areas of expertise and concern among decision makers from diverse educational, political, and social backgrounds, precisely the situation in contemporary epidemiology and public health. In sum, responsibility organizes many (although not all) of public health’s ethical issues in terms appropriate for professional practitioners.

Responsibility has a deeper meaning as well, corresponding to commitment. To be responsible means to be committed to someone or to some thing. Being responsible in this deeper sense involves a commitment to positive action, to the pursuit and achievement of something of value, such as a social good (Jonas 1984). We will return to the notion of social goods in public health. For now, we want to emphasize that responsibility focuses attention on professional commitments

Finally, our inquiry is intended to assist all public health researchers who seek to define their social responsibilities. For those who are involved primarily in environmental health research, we can think of at least two connected and current topics–environmental justice and community-based participatory research.

Music Science Fair Projects

Music Science Fair Projects

Students and adults alike might be surprised that an interest in music and participation in a science fair can be combined. Music science fair projects are some of the most interesting demonstrations at the school event. Most people enjoy some style of music in their car, at home, with a personal music player, in a band, or at concert. Many people enjoy singing in a choir. What all these venues have in common is obviously music. What most participants do not realize is that there is science at work in every note they play, sing or hear! Music science fair projects offer the students and the visitors to the event to learn completely new concepts of science as they relate to music. Many of these people will leave the event with a deeper level of understanding of and appreciation for the magical science that is music!

Music science fair projects are chosen by students who have a love of the universal language that we all call music. The most creative students will choose music science fair projects to investigate the various topics surrounding the production and enjoyment of music. The first category of music science fair projects will focus on different ways to produce the tones that human being consider musical. This may include an investigation of the sounds of music from different cultures. Included in this are the unique instruments found around the world. Additionally, this may investigate the rhythms that different cultures gravitate toward. These types of music science fair projects will also demonstrate the creativity of students as they develop their own mechanisms for making musical tones. The most popular of these are crystal containers filled with various depths of water.

The other group of students presenting music science fair projects may focus on the effects that music has on people. Instead of examining the instruments, these students will explore the old adage that music hath charms to sooth the savage breast. There are still research studies being conducted on the soothing effects of music on various demographics of people as well as different animal and plant life. These students who present demonstrations and research findings on this data also increase everyones understanding and appreciation for the universal language of music.

The Two Parallel Entities Of Human Life Science And Religion

The two important things in human life are science and religion. Religion requires us to believe in a certain event without discussing too, in science the other hand requires to believe, but after a string of research in the field. No doubt several times science is parallel to our religious beliefs, as we believe that there are other creatures in the universe as we do, and scientists are also investigating the extraterrestrial presence in the world and the universe.

Contrary to this, science does not believe in controlling power, like God, who created the world in just seven days. According to the theory of big bang the whole universe is the result of a powerful explosion.

Scientist believes this theory, the most accurate and appropriate to describe the beginning of the galaxies and solar systems like ours. Undoubtedly, the scientific issues are unquestionable, but there is still no power to control.

Similarly, Christians, Jews and Muslims believe that the creation of a human baby in its mothers ovary is the most vibrant in the presence of God that is able to provide sufficient air for food, shelter and fresh unborn baby. But science is ultimately supporting this idea. And all this creation is called the natural process of bearing babies.

Spirituality and Science

No matter what happens, its proven that after a few years or decades, the scientific ideas of all events related to religion. Like the famous theory of the world of 2012 is based on the Mayan calendar, which was also represented by the ancient religious. Moreover, the concept of Judgment Day can be seen in the sacred books of the Muslims and Christians.

Undoubtedly, scientific research has proven many things that were once based on myths, as the 17th century Galileo was convicted under the orders of the Christian Church, and challenged the theory that the sun revolves around the earth, and said that the Earth revolves around the Sun Hence its now demonstrated that he was right which means that science is also helping us in evaluating our bad decisions.

As this is some tough questions that science cannot answer on purpose. How to cure deaths, without consulting a doctor or medication. There are saints, and gurus Sufis are powerful enough to show some amazing things. Thus, scientists and researchers representing powerful entity such as supernatural. Another thing that have nothing to say, as scientific ideas are quite different in some cases. This is the complete information framed in short about science and religion and its importance in human life.

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Examples Of Science Fair Projects

Examples of Science Fair Projects

Part of the preparation that is completed by the teaching staff in readying a science fair event is presenting the ideas to the students. Some students are very interested in these types of extracurricular events and other students would just as soon remain anonymous in the back row of the class. This aspect of preparation involves a sales pitch of sorts from the teacher. She or he must present the idea to the class while fostering the encouragement for the students to participate. The prizes and recognition will motivate some students and other students will be motivated by the opportunity to explore some topic that interests them. The latter set of students will need little encouragement and former group will likely retain enough interest to at least consider what the teacher is presenting. One way to sell the class on these events is to show them examples of science fair projects.

One of the most effective examples of science fair projects is the stink bomb.
If students were to rank their favorite among the examples of science fair projects, this smelly chemical reaction would be in the number one position. There are two reasons for using this example of science fair projects. The first is to get the attention of the students hiding on the back row and convince the others that this can be a fun and enjoyable process. There is nothing quite like a demonstration to win over a crowd of less than enthusiastic teenagers! The second reason is that if you use this example of a science fair project in class then the students cannot use it in the science fair. This clever reason prevents all the mischievous students from showing up to the science fair with all manner of smelly projects. By using this as examples of science fair projects in class you take it off the table as a possibility for student experiments.

Once the teacher has gotten the attention of the whole class and the neighboring classes down the hall with the stink bomb, she or he should have no trouble signing up the students for this event! Once this is done the students can begin discussing what topics they would like to demonstrate at the now popular school science fair.

Zoology Science Fair Projects

Among the topics of interest for students who wish to create zoology science fair projects those that involve ants are the ones most students will choose. A zoology science fair project will demonstrate the knowledge that students have learned regarding some particular type of animal. Ants hold a great fascination for children and adults alike. These amazing little creatures are communal and depend on each other for survival. Very seldom do we see a single ant. This type of living system makes ants a favorite topic for zoology science fair projects. Students can choose any number of subjects related to ants or any other animal to study for their zoology science fair projects.

One of the most interesting subjects that students study using ant populations is in the area of food choice. While most people are familiar with ants as uninvited guests at picnics, most people know very little about these tiny creatures. A zoology science fair project will use different foods to see which flavors, if any, the ants prefer. Students will conduct experiments and collect the data from these experiments in order to make a presentation for the zoology science fair projects. This data will then be used to compare different types of foods. It could then be used in supplemental studies to compare the flavor choices of different types of ants. These little creatures are more than willing to participate in these types of experiments because all that is required of them is that they eat!

Zoology science fair projects can also be performed on microorganisms such as bacteria. The zoology science fair projects can also be based on the osmosis and diffusion that is present in living cells. These types of zoology science fair projects are particularly suited to computer-generated presentations. Since these organisms and processes are too small for the human eye to see, students often have a difficult time grasping the concepts. Zoology science fair projects are a great way to demonstrate these types of scientific phenomenon. The presentations bring to life all the tiny components involved in the life experiences of living creatures. These and many other topics, such as the study of environmental changes for marine life, the effects of chemicals on animals, and how different conditions affect growth rates, can be explored with zoology science fair projects.

Panel PC solutions from Blue Chip Technology

Blue Chip Technology are one of the UK’s leading designers and producers of single board computer platforms and panel PCs. Blue Chip’s single board computer solutions will bring the power of the processor to your business.

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Blue Chip Technology is one of the UK’s leading designers and manufacturers of industrial computer platforms and panel PCs. With an outstanding portfolio Blue Chip Technology provide off-the-shelf products including COM boards, single board computers (SBCs), fanless embedded systems, rackmount computers, Panel PCs and digital signage hardware.
Blue Chip Technology have a track record of working with a range of industries including hospitals, assembly lines, rail networks and laboratories both in the UK and across the globe.

Single Board Computers and Panel PCs
Single board computers are entire computers built on a single circuit board. They are most commonly used for industrial purposes, often in situations where smaller, more power-efficient and reliable computers are needed.
A panel PC is a type of industrial computer. A display, usually an LCD (liquid crystal display) is integrated into the motherboard and electronics. Panel PCs range from lower cost types with no environmental sealing to the more expensive, heavy duty models which may be waterproof or even explosion proof. Panel PCs can also be custom designed and built to the requirements and budget of the customer.
The technical experts at Blue Chip Technology have designed and manufactured a wide range of display based solutions to suited to Human Machine Interface (HMI), SCADA, process control, factory automation, building control and home automation applications. The Alpha Panel PC range of 8.4 to 17 inch range of industrial all-in-one units – compact, highly integrated, network-ready devices with full I/O connectivity. The Alpha Panel PC range is IP65/NEMA4 rated and designed to be housed in a panel or enclosure creating a dust and waterproof barrier, an essential requirement for many industrial and commercial applications.

Custom Design
Blue Chip Technology also offer custom design products which are designed and manufactured in-house. As industry leading specialists Blue Chip Technology can either make minor changes to existing products to meet specific needs or can build the products from ground-up development.
Blue Chip excels in custom design because design and manufacture are done in house they are flexible enough to accommodate a small adaptation or bottom up design project. What it doesnt necessarily mean is ramping up extra costs Blue Chip Technology regard many customisation services as integral to the product offering and are happy to provide free of charge.
For more information on the Blue Chip Technology products and services please call today to speak to one of our specialists 01829 772 000.

The New Technologies of Flex Pod

The agencies which are responsible for deploying new technologies to deal with heavy workloads have to look for latest inventions everyday to carry on their work smoothly. Their main headache is handling with big data, high performance computing and video analytics. FlexPod Select is specially designed to support huge workload. Flex Pod Select with Hadoop is the first set of reference designs which are preconfigured, validated solutions which is a rare combination of storage, networking and servers. The integration with Hadoop provides an open framework which is capable of processing huge amounts of data. The main target is to meet the requirements of dealing with huge data. This finds application in both government and private sector. Financial services, retail manufacturing and other markets are easily able to deploy this technology and can be kept on upgrading, as the size of the company grows.

The components of FlexPod Select components include NetApp E-Series and FAS storage systems, Cisco Unified Computing System servers and fabric interconnect and Cisco Nexus fabric extender. It is better to combine the NetApp with Cisco for infrastructural support and Clodera or Hortonworks for Hadoop support. This gives access to the users to technical support on all interoperable technologies. With the use of Cisco and NetApp the Flex pod services are expanding further to make the infrastructure in the data center more responsive to the ever changing uses of applications within organizations. New designs and capabilities are offered across the entire portfolio. The companies have also highlighted the invention of the Datacenter with SnapProtect to provide a wide-ranging disk-to-disk-to-tape backup and recovery solution. The Datacenter is a pre-validated solution, which has in store the combination of storage, networking and server components and can integrate them into a single flexible architecture, specially designed for huge workloads. The speed is fast and sometimes is even applicable for critical business applications. The costs are reduced and risk is minimized. Increased flexibility can also be achieved with the help of this technology. The greatest application of this technology is to deal with a variety of workloads in both virtualized and non-virtualized environments. The new Express technology is specially designed for medium organizations.

The management of FlexPod is very simple with the help of best element managers, combination of some of the most reliable partners and virtualization management console. Cisco Unified Computing System Manager tools helps in the optimization of multivendor environment. On Command software controls and helps in the automation of the data storage infrastructure. They also provide embedded management of the servers and the network components. Numerous resources for many virtual machines can be managed.

Technology For Women And What It Can Offer Us

The colour pink is often associated with women as more often than not, women look good in pink. Women who have great fashion senses are often eye catching and you may well have noticed that a woman’s fashion sense has begun to extend towards the gadgets that they carry. The rise of feminine technology has been growing steadily and is about to hit a crest. When you say feminine technology what is the first thing that comes to your mind? Pink gadgets!

Since the colour pink has long been associated with women, it doesn’t come as a surprise to see pink mobile phones, pink digital cameras, and pink laptops, among others that can be considered as part of feminine technology. Pink is a dainty colour, eye-candy if you like. Given the choice, fashionable women tend to want to carry trendy gadgets to veer away from the more macho-looking laptops or cellular phones. Women now find it tempting to have a pink gadget, like a pink laptop, to showcase their love for beauty. Most women are aware that most men find a woman to be more feminine if they are wearing something pink, and i have to admit there is something appealing about a confident women seen doing some work on a pink feminine laptop or making a business call with a pink mobile phone.

Technology need not be boring and with the advent of feminine technology, pink and all the other girly colours have become the in thing. Pink may be a favourite, but red is also becoming popular, as well as lavender or pastel colours. You will even see laptops that have designs on it; often utilising many different shades of pink or other feminine colours.

Wouldn’t it be great to take snapshots using your pink digital camera? You will now find digital cameras, mobile phones, and laptops in various shades of pink and as well as other girly colours so finding one that suits your personality is no longer the challenge that it once was. However do not, for a second, think that gadgets with a touch of femininity are lacking in the features or power department. A lot of popular brands now carry fashionable designs but still with the exact same technology and features as more masculine looking gadgets.

This is true especially for laptops. Pink laptops may look dainty and beautiful yet you can be sure that you can still surf the net with ease and do some office or school work simultaneously without having your workflow slowed by unresponsive technology. It is just as important to take note that when you shop for a gadget that will showcase your feminine side, make sure that you check the features as well as the prices first before settling with one particular unit.

So when you talk of feminine technology, it is not only about trends and beauty, functionality is also a must have and one that manufacturers are increasingly more aware of.

Technology Innovations Drives Success Mobile Commerce

Today, many technology innovations provide great functionality at lower price, giving more values to customers and stimulate mobile consumer market. The trend had shifted the consumers closer to business where on-line transaction can be done through simple clicks at palm.

Product designers have played a great role in improving interfaces for better information presentation over mobile devices. Many technology corporations have been engineering on artificial intelligence to humanize handheld devices into a better personal assistant. In the most familiar face, Siri technology in iPhone 4S is the most advance implementation of voice recognition technology that can help the owner to get things done by asking.
Geographical location technology must also be accredited for the success of Mobile Commerce. In order to deliver location service, mobile device tracks individual physical location as he or she moves about. Without many consumers knowing, some data-mining company use the Global Position System (GPS) to track their movement for market research. As such, this help researchers to study the consumers’ habits and behavior to exploit further possible technologies to complement lifestyle.

With much convenience provided through GSM (Global System for Mobile Communication), the most common cellular standard, extended by the GPRS (General Packet Radio System), banks and payment gateways have adopted token authentication as the best practice for safe mobile transaction. Soon to be true, more consumers will have a better reason to switch to cashless payment after the announcement of NXP Semiconductors N.V. secure contact-less Near Field Communication (NFC) technology solution.

On top of the cutting-edge technology, mobile web platform is available today to help company engages in the development and management of mobile site without much complexity. It is an on-line system that provides convenience to member of staff to manage the entire mobile web site without the need for any technical knowledge. For many business owners, this is thought to be highly sustainable and cost-effective than the traditional method of engaging highly paid professional to work on project based web development. A mobile site builder helps organisation to suit their mobile site exactly to the company image without compromising its security.

Strong infrastructure combines with innovative technological ideas give additional earning opportunities to vendors with reliable products. Besides setting up a physical store, a virtual business is equally important to attract technology savvy consumers who tend to leverage on the social network to search for better deals in the vast internet space.

Are you ready for Mobile Commerce?

Atx Technologies Car Tracking Device And Its Unrivaled Features

The concept of a car tracking device has been known as a different or independent gadget. However, even phones can still have this feature with help of your mobile phone. An example of these devices is ATX Technologies car tracking device which is installed on your mobile phone. The benefit of this device is that there’s no need for you to have two devices on hand. This is a small gadget was manufactured in 1997 and has been reduced to its size for mobile phones. This employs the services provided by AT&T, a known network provider, so it can give a wider network in terms of tracking vehicles. BY utilizing AT&T services, the price of using this gadget on a monthly basis as been reduced since it will not charge any mobile phone fee. This is good for consumers who don’t like to carry two gadgets while on road.

In a sense, ATX Technologies car tracking device is a project brought about by ATX Technologies in partnership with Standard Communications. The latter produces wireless communication solutions and is situated in San Jose. They will embed the miniature device on mobile phones. With the help of AT&T in providing he wireless services, consumers will get remarkable affordable prices than the usual rates offered by other tracking device manufacturers. What’s great about this device is it can help in locating cars in any case of theft or loss at a flat rate offered by AT&T.

In using this tracking device, the car owner just need to call the OnGuard Response Center. The LS unit will then be activated. The police will be notified after the response center is able to track down the vehicle. After processing the necessary procedures within the police department like obtaining an authorization, the OnGuard Response Center will deactivate the car’s ignition using a remote control. Hence, the vehicle will be stationary and wait for the police to locate it. This is perhaps the most popular and unrivaled feature of the ATX Technologies car tracking device. Without a doubt, this gadget will be helpful for car owners to be confident about their car’s safety.